The psychological schools are the great classical theories of psychology. Each has been highly influential; however, most psychologists hold eclectic viewpoints that combine aspects of each school.

The most influential ones are behaviorism, the psychoanalytic school of Freud, Systems psychology, functionalism, humanistic/Gestalt, and cognitivism. The list below includes all these, and other, influential schools of thought in psychology:

  • Cultural-historical psychology
  • Depth psychology
  • Descriptive psychology
  • Developmental psychology
  • Ecopsychology
  • Ecological psychology
  • Ego psychology
  • Environmental psychology
  • Evolutionary psychology
  • Existential psychology
  • Experimental analysis of behavior - the school descended from B.F. Skinner's work.
  • Functionalism
  • Gestalt psychology
  • Gestalt therapy
  • Humanistic psychology
  • Individual psychology
  • Industrial psychology
  • Logotherapy
  • Organismic psychology
  • Organizational psychology
  • Phenomenological psychology
  • Process Psychology
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Psychohistory
  • Radical behaviorism - often considered a school of philosophy, not psychology.
  • Psychology of self
  • Social psychology (sociocultural psychology)
  • Structuralism
  • Systems psychology
  • Transactional analysis
  • Transpersonal psychology

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